Gratitude in workplace refers to employees’ lasting and stable positive emotional evaluation of their work and organization due to their benefits from work under certain circumstances. The emergence of problems in workplace like labor unrest, unethical behavior, and threatened occupational health reflects the challenge of interest to human virtues. As the source of human virtues, gratitude could help to solve these problems. On the basis of previous research, this article gives an introduction to the concept of workplace gratitude, presents the measurement scales, and reviews the gratitude research in management domain in the light of trait gratitude and state gratitude. The research indicates that leaders’ trait gratitude is positively related to leader behaviors and positive outcomes, and employees’ trait gratitude is beneficial to their job performance and occupational health. Employees’ state gratitude is aroused by organizational and relational factors, and in turn positively influences their interpersonal relations and job performance through reciprocal motivation and prosocial motivation. At last, the paper presents future research directions.
Gratitude in Workplace: A Literature Review and Prospects
Foreign Economics & Management Vol. 41, Issue 09, pp. 61 - 74 (2019) DOI:10.16538/j.cnki.fem.2019.09.005
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Cite this article
Liu Jun, Zhu Zheng, Wang Qiqi, et al. Gratitude in Workplace: A Literature Review and Prospects[J]. Foreign Economics & Management, 2019, 41(9): 61-74.