Sleep is the basic physiological need of human body. However, with the rapid development of society and economy, workers are more and more engaging in overtime work, business trip, and entertainment in nighttime. Thus, nighttime sleep deprivation has attracted lots of attention among managers and researchers. Sleep deprivation has become a normal working state in the current workplace and caused critical consequences for both psychical and psychological health and job performance. It is increasingly urgent to investigate the effect of sleep deprivation on organizational behavior. In the study of working members’ sleep, the quantity time of sleep and the quality of sleep are used to measure the sleep status. Sleep time refers to the number of hours that individuals keep sleep, and the sleep quality is a more comprehensive concept, including the difficulty of sleep, the sleep state, the number of waking at night, and the sense of recovery in waking time. Sleep deprivation is characterized as low sleep quality or low sleep quantity. As for research methods, measurement and experiment are two common methods in the literature. When using the scale to measure sleep, it is necessary to carefully choose the way of measurement, the item and the length of the scale according to the research question. Nighttime sleep deprivation of leaders or employees has consequences on their daytime working behavior:（1）Leaders’ sleep deprivation will affect their daytime task oriented and relation oriented leadership; correspondingly, employees’ sleep deprivation will affect their daytime task oriented and relation oriented followership.（2）If both leaders and employees experience sleep deprivation, there exist interactions between their sleep on daytime working behavior.（3）Sleep deprivation affects daytime working behavior and then affects job performance and team relationship.（4）Sleep deprivation can reduce the daytime cognitive flexibility and response agility, and affect the innovative behavior. Sleep deprivation affects daytime working behavior through ego deprivation:（1）Sleep deprivation will affect ego deprivation, including cognition disfunction and emotion disfunction.（2）Cognition disfunction and emotion disfunction will affect working behavior.（3）Personal traits and situational factors will moderate the effect from sleep deprivation on working behavior. Sleep deprivation will bring a high price to the organization. Thus, future research is needed to probe the effect of sleep deprivation on organizational behavior by combing psychology and management based on the context of Chinese organization.
Poor Sleep Means Poor Work: The Effect and Mechanisms of Working Members’ Nighttime Sleep Deprivation on Daytime Working Behavior
Foreign Economics & Management Vol. 40, Issue 10, pp. 94 - 106 (2018) DOI:10.16538/j.cnki.fem.2018.10.008
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Cite this article
Xiao Chenjie, Li Aimei, Wang Haixia, et al. Poor Sleep Means Poor Work: The Effect and Mechanisms of Working Members’ Nighttime Sleep Deprivation on Daytime Working Behavior[J]. Foreign Economics & Management, 2018, 40(10): 94-106.
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