This paper is based on the social identity theory and the star effect, and selects China’s 2005-2016 A-share listed companies as the research object. It introduces the empirical research of model workers into the field of corporate governance, and analyzes the influence of model worker executives on business management, so as to enrich the research on entrepreneurship in China. The empirical analysis is carried out by the OLS method in the text and the PSM method is used as the robustness test. The research results show that: (1) Model worker executives are conductive to reducing the pay gap between executives and employees in enterprises, but positively promoting the pay gap of senior management teams. This can be understood as the focus of model worker executives to promote a fair, just and inclusive atmosphere within the company. They will not use their own power to infringe the interests of employees in exchange for the benefits of the senior management team, thus reducing the pay gap between executives and employees in the enterprise. (2) Model worker executives are conductive to a good culture atmosphere; they can reduce the bureaucracy and mobilize enthusiasm of all employees in their work, which will promote the improvement of corporate performance.
The contributions of this paper in theory and practice are: In theory, it examines the important influence of model worker executives on the production and management of enterprises through empirical research. On the one hand, it enriches the existing researches on model workers and the spirit of model workers. On the other hand, the spirit of model workers represents one of the entrepreneurial spirits under the characteristics of China. This study expands it into the framework of the social identity theory and the star effect, thus enriching the application context of the social identity theory and the star effect in China. In practice, the conclusions confirm the promotion of model worker executives to the development of enterprises, indicating that China’s model worker selection system is appropriate and superior. It can be seen that entrepreneurship plays a pivotal role in the corporate governance process. The star effect in the management team and the benign social identity formed by managers based on their self-identity will create a good corporate culture and further promote the overall development of enterprises.