How to integrate research and teaching is a vital but little-studied topic in business academia. In the West, pedagogy and research often make for strange bedfellows, while teaching and theoretical work in the East are united by the ancient philosophical notion of " oneness”. Indeed, in the Confucian tradition scholars in China devote themselves to work that goes beyond both teaching and research and publishing impetus of their Western counterparts. The Eastern scholar’s paramount task is to be a respected teacher as expressed in an ethos of educating students of all kinds and caring for the greater community. This paper takes up the case of competitive dynamics, a management topic developed in the West, to demonstrate how teaching and research may be balanced and even integrated much as in the traditional Eastern pedagogical conception. The effort to bridge the research-teaching divide is instructional for scholars seeking to transfer theory to the classroom and for researchers aiming to broaden the scope of their investigations. In the process, the paper raises a fundamental question: What does " scholarship” in the applied academic fields, such as management, mean in modern China and within a global context?
The Research-Teaching “Oneness” of Competitive Dynamics：Toward an Ambicultural Integration
Foreign Economics & Management Vol. 40, Issue 12, pp. 3 - 27 (2018) DOI:10.16538/j.cnki.fem.2018.12.001
Adamy J. 2008. McDonald's takes on a weakened Starbucks. The Wall Street Journal, January 7. https://www.wsj.com/articles/SB119967000012871311, Accessed Jan. 12, 2017.
Barney J. 1991. Firm resources and sustained competitive advantage. Journal of Management, 17(1): 99–120.
Barney J B, Zhang S. 2009. The future of Chinese management research: A theory of Chinese management versus a Chinese theory of management. Management and Organization Review, 5(1): 15–28.
Boyer E L. 1990. Scholarship reconsidered: Priorities of the professoriate. Princeton, NJ: Carnegie Foundation.
Brew A, Boud D. 1995. Teaching and research: Establishing the vital link with learning. Higher Education, 29(3): 261–273.
Chen C. H. 2010.What management research do we need in China? (In Chinese). Chinese Journal of Management, 7(9): 1272–1276.
Chen H H. 2008a. Competitive advantage in the Post-Porter era. Harvard Business Review (traditional Chinese), September: 66–69.
Chen M J. 1988. Competitive strategic interaction: A study of competitive actions and responses. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, USA.
 Chen M J. 1996. Competitor analysis and interfirm rivalry: Toward a theoretical integration. Academy of Management Review, 21(1): 100–134.
 Chen M J. 2002. Transcending paradox: The Chinese “middle way” perspective. Asia Pacific Journal of Management, 19(2): 179–199.
 Chen M J. 2008b. Reconceptualizing the competition-cooperation relationship: A transparadox perspective. Journal of Management Inquiry, 17(4): 288–304.
 Chen M J. 2009. Competitive dynamics research: An insider’s odyssey. Asia Pacific Journal of Management, 26(1): 5–25.
 Chen M J. 2010. Reflecting on the process: Building competitive dynamics research. Asia Pacific Journal of Management, 27(1): 9–24.
 Chen M J. 2014. Becoming ambicultural: A personal quest, and aspiration for organizations. Academy of Management Review, 39(2): 119–137.
 Chen M J. 2016a. Academic entrepreneurship: The journey of competitive dynamics from zero to N. Quarterly Journal of Management (in Chinese), 1(3): 1–16.
 Chen M J. 2016b. Competitive dynamics: Eastern roots, western growth. Cross Cultural and Strategic Management, 23(4): 510–530.
 Chen M J, Miller D. 1994. Competitive attack, retaliation and performance: An expectancy-valence framework. Strategic Management Journal, 15(2): 85–102.
 Chen M J, Miller D. 2010. West meets East: Towards an ambicultural approach to management. Academy of Management Perspecitves, 24(4): 17–24.
 Chen M J, Mille, D. 2012. Competitive dynamics: Themes, trends, and a prospective research platform. Academy of Management Annals, 6(1): 135–210.
 Chen M J, Miller D. 2015. Reconceptualizing competitive dynamics: A multidimensional framework. Strategic Management Journal, 36(5): 758–775.
 Chen M J, Su K., Tsai W. 2007. Competitive tension: The awareness-motivation-capability perspective. Academy of Management Journal, 50(1): 101–118.
Daft R. L, Lewin A Y. 2008. Perspective-Rigor and relevance in organization studies: Idea migration and academic journal evolution. Organization Science, 19(1): 177–183.
DeSarbo W S, Grewal R., Wind J. 2006. Who competes with whom? A demand-based perspective for identifying and representing asymmetric competition. Strategic Management Journal, 27(2): 101–129.
Gimeno J, Woo C Y. 1996. Hypercompetition in a multimarket environment: The role of strategic similarity and multimarket contact in competitive de-escalation. Organization Science, 7(3): 322–341.
Gulati R. 2007. Tent poles, tribalism, and boundary spanning: The rigor-relevance debate in management research. Academy of Management Journal, 50(4): 775–782.
Hambrick D C. 1994. What if the Academy actually mattered? Academy of Management Review, 19(1): 11–16.
Hambrick D C. 1997. Teaching as leading. In D. C. Hambrick (Eds.). Researchers hooked on teaching: 242–254. London: Sage Publications.
Han W. 2009. The mission of management scholars (in Chinese). China Management Magazine, April: 64–68.
Healey M. 2005. Linking research and teaching exploring disciplinary spaces and the role of inquiry-based learning. In R. Barnett (Eds.). Reshaping the university: New relationships between research, scholarship and teaching: 67-78. McGraw Hill: Open University Press.
Hitt M A., Ireland R D, Hoskisson R E. 2015. Strategic management: Competitiveness and globalization (11th Edition). Cincinnati: Cengage Learning.
Hsu J T. 2012. Li Yuan Lu (In Praise of YUAN): Sayings of Aixinjueluo YuYun. Kaohsiung: Holo Publishing Co., Ltd.
Leung K. 2012. Indigenous Chinese management research: Like it or not, we need it. Management and Organization Review, 8(1): 1–5.
MacMillan I C, McCaffery M L, Van Wijk G. 1985. Competitor's responses to easily imitated new products: Exploring commercial banking product introductions. Strategic Management Journal, 6(1): 75–86
McGrath R G. 2013. The end of competitive advantage: How to keep your strategy moving as fast as your business. Boston: Harvard Business Review Press.
McGrath R G, Chen M J, MacMillan I C. 1998. Multimarket maneuvering in uncertain spheres of influence: Resource diversion strategies. Academy of Management Review, 23(4): 724–740.
Mintzberg H. 2004. Managers not MBAs: A hard look at the soft practice of managing and management development. San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler Publishers.
Pacheco D F, Dean T J. 2015. Firm responses to social movement pressures: A competitive dynamics perspective. Strategic Management Journal, 36(7): 1093–1104.
Porter M E. 1980. Competitive strategy: Techniques for analyzing industries and competition. New York: Free Press.
Schuster J H, Finkelstein M J. 2006. The American faculty: The restructuring of academic work and careers. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Smith K G, Ferrier W J, Ndofor H. 2001. Competitive dynamics research: Critique and future directions. In M. Hitt, R. E. Freeman, & J. Harrison (Eds.). Handbook of strategic management: 315–361. London: Blackwell Publishers.
Tsai W, Su K H, Chen M J. 2011. Seeing through the eyes of a rival: Competitor acumen based on rival-centric perceptions. Academy of Management Journal, 54(4): 761–778.
Tsai Y L. 2016. Internationalization and theoretical innovation of Chinese management research (In Chinese). Chinese Journal of Management, 13(8): 1135–1149.
Tsui A S. 2006. Contextualization in Chinese management research. Management and Organization Review, 2(1): 1–13.
Tsui A S. 2013. The spirit of science and socially responsible scholarship. Management and Organization Review, 9(3): 375–394.
Tversky A. 1977. Features of similarity. Psychological Review, 84(4): 327–352.
Van de Ven A H. 2007. Engaged scholarship: a guide for organizational and social research. Oxford: Oxford.
Cite this article
Ming-Jer Chen. The Research-Teaching “Oneness” of Competitive Dynamics：Toward an Ambicultural Integration[J]. Foreign Economics & Management, 2018, 40(12): 3-27.
Previous: Drucker’s Letter and Its Comments