Artificial intelligence (AI), especially robots, is engaged in more and more decision-making in various fields, gradually changing from passive tools to agents of human beings. This has aroused the thinking and worries of all walks of life on AI ethics. It is necessary to establish a new ethical paradigm to extend the ethical norms of human society to intelligent machines. In recent years, the research has made great progress, enriched the existing research content, and enhanced the guidance ability of the ethical research of AI. This paper comprehensively reviews the research progress of AI ethics at home and abroad. On the basis of bibliometric analysis, three different attitudes towards AI, namely, " traditionalist”, " prudent” and " optimist” have triggered the ethical conflict of the " man-machine” relationship. From the perspectives of AI moral philosophy, moral algorithm, design ethics and social ethics, this paper systematically reviews the research results of AI ethics. The state and enterprises (organizations) emphasize their attitudes towards AI ethics from the levels of strategy and social responsibility respectively, and put forward a more systematic and perfect theoretical framework of AI ethics, which is helpful to systematically grasp the existing research results at the theoretical and practical levels. In the future, we need to do further research on the ethical system construction of global scenario conditions, the forward-looking of ethics to technology, the shaping of ethical roles and the ethical concept of scientific development.
How to Comprehend the Ethical Conflict of Artificial Intelligence? A Literature Review and Prospects
Foreign Economics & Management Vol. 41, Issue 10, pp. 109 - 124 (2019) DOI:10.16538/j.cnki.fem.2019.10.008
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Cite this article
Xie Hongming, Chen Liang, Yang Yingnan. How to Comprehend the Ethical Conflict of Artificial Intelligence? A Literature Review and Prospects[J]. Foreign Economics & Management, 2019, 41(10): 109-124.