Voluntary arbitration should have played a more positive role in most regions of mainland China with heavy litigation caseloads in local people’s courts. Such arbitration must be relied upon consent of the parties. The quality of legislation for disputes of arbitral consent and its application by judicial review is very important to improve arbitration. Oversea judicial review of disputes of arbitral consent mainly relies upon common contract law and involves the issues about whether there is an acceptance to the offer for arbitration, the parties have signed an arbitration agreement with minimum content, there exists arbitral intention in multiple modes of dispute settlement agreed by the parties, and so on. The burden of proof in oversea jurisdiction is substantially assumed by the party who makes claims. The standards for establishing arbitral consent vary with jurisdiction, as well as time. Much oversea jurisdiction, however, adopts a friendly position towards arbitration to solve relative issues. In the judicial review practice, the people’s courts at all levels have tended to determine the establishment of arbitral consent in some cases, showing their supportive position towards arbitration. In addition, the Supreme People’s Court also assists arbitration in the manner that, once a lower people’s court finds that foreign-related arbitration agreement is invalid, it will require the latter to report to high people’s courts. However, such a request for reporting is only applied against foreign-related cases, and its own procedure is very prolonged and inefficient. At the same time, in other cases including the nature of foreign-related affairs, there is a very unfriendly attitude towards the determination of arbitral consent, which is mainly manifested in the lack of agreement on arbitration agreement with the selection of two or more arbitration institutions. Such a harsh attitude of judicial review is not conducive to China’s growth into a world-competitive place of arbitration. As one of the world’s arbitration centers, it can bring a lot of benefits such as good reputation, foreign exchange income and a reduction in litigation rate in our country. Our country should adopt the dual measures of amending the corresponding defects of the Arbitration Law and improving the judicial attitude of the people’s courts to achieve this goal, that is to abolish the legislative provisions of the prohibition of ad hoc arbitration, to allow to appeal to the higher-level people’s courts for negative decisions on the issues of arbitral consent. At the same time, the people’s courts in the judicial review of any case stop applying internal reporting procedures when they announce arbitral consent and so on.
An Empirical Study of Judicial Review of Issues of Arbitration Consent
Journal of Shanghai University of Finance and Economics Vol. 20, Issue 02, pp. 139 - 152 (2018) DOI:10.16538/j.cnki.jsufe.2018.02.010
Cite this article
Huan Hengjuan, Zhang Shengcui. An Empirical Study of Judicial Review of Issues of Arbitration Consent[J]. Journal of Shanghai University of Finance and Economics, 2018, 20(2): 139-152.