Due to cultural differences, the public sector needs to increase investment to meet the different cultural needs of the public. Faced with the current situation of deviation between the supply of public cultural service and cultural differences in China, it is urgent to clarify the impact of fiscal decentralization as an intermediate factor. This paper first constructs a theoretical model of cultural differences and the supply of public cultural service including fiscal decentralization variables. It theoretically analyzes how cultural differences affect the supply of regional public cultural service, especially when fiscal decentralization is the intermediate link. Furthermore, in view of the insufficiency of the measurement of cultural differences, combined with the unique situation of cultural differences in China, this paper constructs a dynamic index of provincial cultural differences based on regional dialect data, which can more comprehensively depict the situation of cultural differences among regions in China. According to the research hypothesis put forward by the theoretical model, this paper verifies the impact of cultural differences on regional public culture from the whole country and the Northern and Southern regions. The impact of public cultural service supply is tested empirically. Then the intermediary effect of fiscal decentralization is tested by the empirical mechanism. The study finds that fiscal decentralization has a significant role in promoting the supply level of regional public cultural service, that is, the higher the degree of decentralization, the higher the supply level of regional public cultural service. The impact of cultural differences on the supply of public cultural service is multifaceted. On the one hand, it reflects the direct impact of the lack of effective supply of public cultural service caused by the diversification of demand. On the other hand, through the intermediary effect test of fiscal decentralization, it can be seen that cultural differences can indirectly contribute to the supply of public cultural service by expanding local decentralization. From the perspective of the refinement characteristics of sub-regions, the difference between the North and the South is significant. In the Southern region, relevant variables are more significant for the supply level of government public cultural service. This may be related to the differences in language, geographical environment, industrial institutions and economic development level between the North and the South. The research conclusion confirms the micro-effect of fiscal decentralization in cultural differences and the supply of public cultural products, which helps to further optimize the supply of public cultural service.
Cultural Differences and the Supply of Regional Public Cultural Service：From the Perspective of Fiscal Decentralization
Journal of Finance and Economics Vol. 45, Issue 10, pp. 35 - 45 (2019) DOI:10.16538/j.cnki.jfe.2019.10.003
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Cite this article
Song Yingjie, Qu Jingya, Lv Cuicui. Cultural Differences and the Supply of Regional Public Cultural Service：From the Perspective of Fiscal Decentralization[J]. Journal of Finance and Economics, 2019, 45(10): 35-45.
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