After a hundred years of exploration, China has established a “Trinity” socialist basic economic system with Chinese characteristics of ownership + distribution system + economic system. Academic circles have focused on analyzing the evolution logic of the socialist basic economic system since the founding of new China, and the research on the exploration of the basic economic system since the founding of the Party 100 years ago, especially during the revolutionary war, is very weak. Through combing the literature, it can be found that the limited research literature does not comprehensively trace back the Party’s practice of exploring the basic economic system in the three historical periods of revolution, construction and reform, so it is unable to show the centennial history and path of the evolution of the basic economic system.
The research of this paper is carried out from the following aspects: First, the specific practice of the Party in exploring the basic economic system in the revolutionary period, the construction period, the new period of reform and opening up, and the new era is combed in time sequence. Second, based on a comprehensive review of the Party’s centennial exploration of the basic economic system, the theme, theoretical logic and accumulated historical experience of centennial exploration are summarized. Third, the great historical significance of the Party’s centennial exploration of the basic economic system is summarized.
This paper reveals that the CPC’s exploration of the socialist basic economic system has gone through four stages and formed three distinctive institutional models: the new democratic basic economic system model in the revolutionary period, the traditional socialist basic economic system model in the construction period, and the socialist basic economic system model with Chinese characteristics formed in the reform and opening up period and improved in the new era. The relationship between the three institutional models is inheritance and innovation. The theme of the Party’s exploration of the basic economic system is to provide institutional guarantee for the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. Over the past 100 years, we have explored and accumulated positive and negative historical experience, which will be a valuable asset for improving the socialist basic economic system with Chinese characteristics in the future. The Party’s exploration of the basic economic system has opened up a new realm of Marxist political economy in theory, and laid an economic foundation for the realization of the second centennial goal in practice.
The marginal contributions of this paper are as follows: First, by describing the practice and achievements of the Party in exploring the basic economic system in each historical period, a complete historical scene of centennial exploration is given. Second, by revealing the theme and logic of centennial exploration, the historical root of the basic economic system is clarified.