Since the founding of the People’s Republic of China, China has made a series of " Chinese Miracles” in the four development processes of technology introduction and imitation, open market to attract investment, secondary innovation and integrated innovation, and independent innovation and collaborative innovation. In the current stage of independent innovation development, although China’s investment in scientific and technological innovation has increased significantly, which has brought remarkable achievements in scientific and technological innovation; the effect of transformation of innovative scientific and technological achievements is not satisfactory. It is in this historical background of science and technology development that the state proposes the strategy of vigorously developing science and technology innovation center, and Shanghai also timely proposes the development plan of building 18 functional platforms. At present, the research on science and technology innovation platforms is mainly based on the analysis and combing of the current situation, refining the mode of emerging lines, and summarizing and evaluating them. The lack of research based on the classical scientific theory system makes it difficult to put forward systematic suggestions and guidance on the development of S&T Innovation Platforms in essence. Therefore, this paper attempts to explore the key factors of the governance of S&T Innovation Platforms, and discuss the logical relationship between the factors. With the help of the grounded theory and the interpretative structural model, this paper analyzes the open coding, spindle coding and selective coding by using the in-depth interview materials of 4 Shanghai S&T Innovation Platforms, 3 university science and technology personnel, and 135 policy documents related to S&T Innovation Platforms. 8 key factors of the governance of S&T Innovation Platforms, including network structure, network relationship, integration ability, coordination ability, innovation resources, science and technology innovation policy, transformation performance, development strategy, are studied and extracted. At the same time, for the multiple analysis and inspection of the primary and secondary categories, especially for the in-depth comparative analysis of the above 8 key factors and the corresponding subcategory relations, 3 core elements are further extracted, namely, structural elements, collaborative elements and operational elements. According to the classic SCP analysis paradigm, the " story line” composed of the main category and the corresponding subcategory by the research logic of " structure-behavior/capability-performance”, and according to the hierarchical structure among the factors, a three-level governance framework . This multi-level governance framework is closely related to the current situation of poor " achievement transformation performance” in the development process of S&T Innovation Platforms.
Governance Factor Mechanism of Independent Innovation S&T Platforms: A Qualitative Study of the Grounded Theory
Journal of Shanghai University of Finance and Economics Vol. 21, Issue 06, pp. 64 - 80 (2019) DOI:10.16538/j.cnki.jsufe.2019.06.005
Cite this article
Xie Jiaping, Kong Hewei, Liang Ling, et al. Governance Factor Mechanism of Independent Innovation S&T Platforms: A Qualitative Study of the Grounded Theory[J]. Journal of Shanghai University of Finance and Economics, 2019, 21(6): 64-80.