Based on the micro data of CFPS, this paper empirically studies the poverty components, changing trends and influencing factors of families in ethnic areas in China. The results show that the incidence of poverty in ethnic areas is on the whole decreasing trend, but chronic poverty measured by the weight of family population is slightly increasing. There is a threshold effect in precipitation education. The labor force of “Supporting Intelligence” until junior college or above can significantly alleviate chronic poverty. At the same time, in incremental education, the students of junior college or above can significantly aggravate chronic poverty. There is a contradiction between the two. In addition, skill training has a global impact on all components of poverty. The improvement of the average level of education for the head of household can restrain chronic poverty. The ability to respond has an expanding effect through skill training. Based on this, the paper puts forward some suggestions, such as the introduction of the special act of rural education in ethnic areas, the management and training plan of talents’ intelligence, the promotion of Putonghua, and the integration of ethnic languages and Chinese.
How does “Supporting Intelligence” Alleviate Chronic Poverty? Evidence from Ethnic Areas in China
Journal of Finance and Economics Vol. 46, Issue 05, pp. 155 - 168 (2020) DOI:10.16538/j.cnki.jfe.2020.05.011
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Cite this article
Wei Jifei. How does “Supporting Intelligence” Alleviate Chronic Poverty? Evidence from Ethnic Areas in China[J]. Journal of Finance and Economics, 2020, 46(5): 155-168.