With the continuous development of economy and society, products and services in the new era are required to be of higher quality, so the Times call for craftsman spirit to promote high-quality social development. Craftsman spirit is embodied in the individual’s love for work, inner sense of mission and adherence to excellent quality. It mainly comes from the individual’s inner spiritual pursuit, which requires the individual to have internal power, and its formation cannot be separated from the individual’s pursuit of the meaning of work. Spiritual leadership is a kind of leadership behavior that affirms and supports the spiritual existence of employees, satisfies their spiritual needs and stimulates their inner motivation by conveying organizational vision, giving hope and faith and expressing altruistic love. Given this, this paper argues that the above natural fit between spiritual leadership and craftsman spirit makes spiritual leadership significantly improve craftsman spirit, and this process is realized through the mediating role of the meaning of work. Moreover, value fit and achievement motivation play the two-stage moderating role.
In order to obtain more objective and effective data, this study sets up the leader-employee paired questionnaire, in which the employees are responsible for filling in the contents such as spiritual leadership values, achievement motivation, work meaning perception and control variables, and the leaders are responsible for filling in the control variables and evaluating the craftsman spirit of employees. At the same time, we collect data across three waves. At time 1, we collect spiritual leadership (antecedent) and control variables in the employee questionnaire; at time 2, we only include participants who respond to the first survey to provide information on meaning of work (mediator) and value fit (moderator); at time 3, craftsman spirit (outcome variable) in the leadership questionnaire and achievement motivation (moderator) in the employee questionnaire are collected. The study finally obtains 424 pairs of valid data, while the confirmatory factor analysis, correlation analysis, and cross-layer regression analysis are adopted to generate empirical results.
The findings show that spiritual leadership is positively related to craftsman spirit; spiritual leadership significantly promotes craftsman spirit and through which it further enhances the meaning of work; value fit enhances the impact of spiritual leadership on the meaning of work, and based on which it further increases craftsman spirit; among employees who also perceive the meaning of work, those with high achievement motivation significantly enhance craftsman spirit. In sum, this paper verifies the mediating role of the meaning of work, and also examines the two-stage moderating effect of value fit and achievement motivation.
Based on the sense-making theory, this paper explores the impact of sense-giving of spiritual leadership on employees’ work sense-making and craftsman spirit. This paper makes several contributions to the literature: First, according to the logic of the motivating factor, process mechanism and effect result of meaning construction, it analyzes the stimulating effect of spiritual leadership on employees’ craftsman spirit, reveals the importance of the individual’s inner meaning pursuit, and inspires managers to stimulate employees’ craftsman spirit from the perspectives of spirit and internal driving force. Second, from the perspective of the connection between “sense-giving” and “cognitive framework”, it reveals the two-stage moderating mechanism of value fit and achievement motivation on craftsman spirit, which proves that the effective unity of work situation and employee characteristics is a powerful driving force to enhance craftsman spirit. This paper provides a reference for how organizations can inspire employees’ craftsman spirit through leadership behaviors, and also has enlightenment for organizations to select employees who are easier to cultivate craftsman spirit.